For many Germans, July 20 is like December 7, September 11 and November 22 is to Americans - a day to remember that will live in infamy.
July 20, 1944 was the day Nazi German officers tried to kill Hitler, take over the government in a coup, come to peace terms with the Allies and try to save Germany from being totally annihilated.
The bomb, planted under a map table in a Wolf's Lair bunker in the Bavarian Alps by Colonel Claus Von Stauffenberg, failed to kill Hitler, and resulted in the arrest of thousands, much like the recent failed coup in Turkey, and the execution of hundreds, including Von Stauffenberg.
As seen in the Hollywood movie Valkyrie, in which Tom Cruise portrays Von Stauffenberg, his Valkyrie plan was broken into phases, the first of which was presented and actually approved by Hitler. The first phase of Plan Valkyrie called for the Home Guard army to take over all major government buildings in Germany in the event of a civil emergency, such as a revolt of the 12 million foreign slave laborers.
The second phase of the Valkyrie plan was the assassination of Hitler and his closest aides, the planting of evidence to blame the assassination on the SS and Gestapo, and the control of not only government buildings but radio stations, newspapers and the media so, as Von Stauffenberg put it, "only the conspiracy speaks."
While the original Valkyrie plan didn’t succeed because the bomb failed to kill Hitler, the basic concepts of the plan, as the Higgins Memo mentions, were studied in detail by the CIA in order to be used against Castro.
Since the bomb aspect of the Valkyrie plan failed, it can be assumed that that part of the plan was changed and a more efficient mechanism of death was to be utilized, - a sniper assault on Castro, shooting him with a high powered rifle as he rode in an open jeep, a frequent occurrence.
But when that plan was “disapproved” by higher authority, instead of using that plan to kill Castro, it was turned on President Kennedy at Dealey Plaza in Dallas.
Besides the change in use of a sniper attack instead of a bomb, the major difference between the Valkyrie plan and the Dealey Plaza is that Valkyrie failed, thousands of suspects were rounded up, arrested, sent to concentration camps or executed while the Dealey Plaza operation succeeded, and only the innocent patsy was executed, and no one was held responsible for the crimes associated with the assassination.
The Stars and Stripes falsely reports Hitler's death